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Wednesday, April 22, 2020 | History

5 edition of Human enterovirus infections found in the catalog.

Human enterovirus infections

  • 104 Want to read
  • 14 Currently reading

Published by ASM Press in Washington, D.C .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Enterovirus diseases.,
  • Enterovirus Infections.

  • Edition Notes

    Includes bibliographical references and index.

    Statementedited by Harley A. Rotbart.
    ContributionsRotbart, Harley A.
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsRC114.55 .H85 1995
    The Physical Object
    Paginationxvi, 445 p. :
    Number of Pages445
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL1113863M
    ISBN 101555810926
    LC Control Number94039792

      Enterovirus D68 (EV-D68) is a virus that can cause an infection similar to the common cold. In some cases, it can cause serious breathing problems. Enterovirus D68 spreads when a person who is sick with the virus coughs, sneezes or touches a .   The famous French writer Victor Hugo (–) once said: “Perseverance, secret of all triumphs!” (1). Due to the divergence seen in monozygotic twin cohorts, we know that both genetic and environmental factors must contribute to the development of human type 1 diabetes (T1D) (2,3). For many decades, we have searched for environmental triggers, but it Cited by: Most enterovirus infections are subclinical, especially in young children, but when they do cause clinically apparent disease, they can cause a wide range of clinical syndromes and can involve many of the body systems. Non-polio enteroviruses most commonly cause rashes, upper respiratory tract infections (URTIs) and summer colds.


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Human enterovirus infections Download PDF EPUB FB2

Written by today's leading scientific and clinical authorities in the field of human enterovirus infections, this text contains the latest information needed by researchers and clinicians : Hardcover. The enteroviruses cause between 10 and 15 million symptomatic infections in the U.S.

each year, ranging in severity from the common cold to overwhelming neonatal sepsis and death. The enteroviruses are leading causes of meningitis, encephalitis, poliomyelitis, myocarditis, and nonspecific febrile illnesses of newborns and young infants.

Infection with enterovirus 71 is associated with hand-foot-and-mouth disease, herpangina, and in a small proportion of cases, severe neurologic disease, including brainstem encephalomyelitis, paralytic disease, and other neurologic manifestations; secondary pulmonary edema/hemorrhage and cardiopulmonary collapse can occur, resulting in fatalities and sequelae.

Written by today's leading scientific and clinical authorities in the field of human enterovirus infections, this text contains the latest information needed by researchers and The three parts of the book are tightly integrated to allow the reader to, for example, easily move from the molecular aspects of Human enterovirus infections book replication to the host immune response and on to the resulting illness.

This is an ex-library book and may have the usual library/used-book markings book has hardback covers. With usual stamps and markings, In good all round condition. No dust jacket., grams, ISBN Add to cart Buy Now Item Price. shipping to Stock Photo. Human Enterovirus Infections by Editor-Harley A.

Rotbart. EV-D68 infection is characterized by sudden onset of the disease, and the major respiratory symptoms include fever, rhinorrhoea, sneezing, malaise, cough, and sore throat [ 8, 15, 31 ]; pneumonia and asthma exacerbation represent the main complications due to EV-D68 [ Cited by:   Mild symptoms of enterovirus infection may include fever, runny nose, sneezing, cough, and body and muscle aches.

Children with asthma are particularly at risk for severe symptoms from enterovirus infection. There is no specific treatment for enterovirus infections. Enterovirus D68 (EV-D68) causes a respiratory illness, primarily in children; symptoms usually resemble those of a cold (eg, rhinorrhea, cough, malaise, fever in a few children).

Some children, particularly those with asthma, have more serious symptoms involving the lower respiratory tract (eg, wheezing, respiratory distress).

Enterovirus is a genus of positive-sense single-stranded RNA viruses associated with several human and mammalian diseases. Enteroviruses are named by their transmission-route through the intestine (enteric meaning intestinal).

Serologic studies have distinguished 71 human enterovirus serotypes on the basis of antibody neutralization tests. Additional antigenic Family: Picornaviridae. Sawyer MH () Enterovirus infections: diagnosis and treatment.

Pediatr Infect Dis J – PubMed Google Scholar Schmidt JJ, Lennette EH, Ho HH () An apparently new enterovirus isolated from patients with disease of the central nervous system.

Enterovirus infection is a major concern with changing circulating genotypes in Asia. While CNS complications of encephalitis are being increasingly reported in enterovirus infections, further research is needed to understand whether this is due to increased virulence or due to undetected immune system : Po-Ying Chia, Justin Jang Hann Chu.

Enterovirus is a viral infection that may cause cold-like symptoms or severe respiratory infection. WebMD discusses who's at risk and how to protect : Barbara Brody. Enteroviral infections cover a wide range of illnesses that are caused by enteroviruses (EVs). They are members of the Picornaviridae family, which are small, icosahedral, single-stranded, positive-sense RNA viruses.

The most well known of the enteroviruses is the poliovirus. New information in Chickengunya virus, Enterovi Human enterovirus infections book and Hendra virus infections to the Emerging infections chapter. Hepatitis chapter is revised with new information on HEV virus New brief chapter discussing the various models of behavioral change that are useful in Infectious Diseases research―e.g.

Health Belief model by: In addition to the four human enterovirus species A–D (shown in Table ), other enteroviral species include: human rhinoviruses (A–C); and porcine, bovine and simian enteroviruses.

Echoviruses 22 and 23 were reclassified as a new genus called parechoviruses (human parechoviruses 1 and 2). Non-polio enteroviruses cause about 10 to 15 million infections and tens of thousands of hospitalizations each year in the United States. Most people who get infected with these viruses do not get sick or they only have mild illness, like the common cold.

The human neonate is uniquely susceptible to serious, often fatal enterovirus infections in the first 2 weeks of life that are associated with acute maternal illness, premature delivery, male gender, and absence of maternal antibody against the infecting enterovirus Cited by: 2.

Enteroviruses (Picornaviridae family) are a common cause of human illness worldwide and are associated with diverse clinical syndromes, including asymptomatic infection, respiratory illness, gastroenteritis, and meningitis.

In this study, we report the identification and complete genome sequence of a novel enterovirus isolated from a case of acute respiratory illness in a Cited by: Enterovirus infections often have no symptoms, especially in adults.

In people who do have symptoms, they are usually mild, resembling the common cold. Some people experience an illness more like. Myoclonic jerks are seen more often in enterovirus 71 than in other enteroviruses and can be an early indicator of neurological involvement, particularly in the brainstem.

Acute flaccid paralysis in enterovirus 71 infection may be due to poliomyelitis. Buy Human Enterovirus Infections ( Tips) 1 by Rotbart, Harley A (ISBN: ) from Amazon's Book Store. Everyday low prices and free delivery on eligible : Harley A Rotbart.

Tips to reduce the risk of enterovirus infections: Wash hands often with soap and water for 20 seconds, especially after changing diapers. Avoid touching, eyes, nose, and mouth with unwashed hands. Avoid kissing, hugging, and sharing cups or eating utensils with people who are sick.

In the Asia-Pacific region, human enterovirus 71 (EV71) is a widespread pathogen that causes hand, foot and mouth disease among children. Potentially fatal neurologic and systemic manifestations develop in a small proportion of patients ().In Cambodia duringa disease outbreak characterized by severe encephalitis with cardiovascular collapse and pulmonary.

Acanthamoeba - (Parasitical - not viral) Actinobacillus - Actinomycetemcomitans (Bacterial - not viral) Acute hemorrhagic conjunctivitis - Coxsackie A virus (Picornavirus: Enterovirus), Enterovirus 70 (Picornavirus: Enterovirus) Acute hemorrhagic cystitis - Adenovirus 11 and 21 () AIDS / Acquired Immune Difficiency Syndrome - human immunodeficiency virus ().

Symptoms and signs of non-polio enterovirus infection depend on the virus type and host immune response. Most infections either do not cause symptoms or cause mild illnesses with symptoms such as runny nose, cough, sneezing, fever, rash, mouth blisters (), and body aches.

Hand, foot, and mouth disease is a condition characterized by fever, blisters in. Wu, TC, et al. Immunity to avirulent enterovirus 71 and coxsackie A16 virus protects against enterovirus 71 infection in mice.

Journal of Virology ; Cited by: An ECHO (enteric cytopathic human orphan) virus is a type of RNA virus that belongs to the species Enterovirus B, genus Enterovirus of the Picornaviridae family.

Echoviruses are found in the gastrointestinal tract (hence it being part of the enterovirus genus) and exposure to the virus causes other opportunistic infections and diseases, notably aseptic : Picornaviridae. of neonatal non-polio enterovirus infection in the Netherlands.

J Med Virol Witso E, Palacios G, Cinek O, Stene LC, Grinde B, Janowitz D, Lipkin WI, Ronningen KS () High prevalence of human en-terovirusa infections in naturalcirculation ofhumanenteroviruses. J Clin Microbiol Cited by: Enterovirus and parechovirus infections: Clinical features, laboratory diagnosis, treatment, and prevention in human epithelial cell lines such as HeLa, A, or HEp2 and in primary human embryonic kidney (HEK) cells.

CPE generally occurs within 2 to 7 days with the common lower serotypes, but some others, especially subgroup D serotypes. The clinical manifestations, laboratory diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of non-polio enterovirus and parechovirus infections are reviewed in this topic.

The microbiology, epidemiology, and pathogenesis of these infections are discussed separately. (See "Enterovirus and parechovirus infections: Epidemiology and pathogenesis".).

Enterovirus and parechovirus surveillance conducted in the United States by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in – showed that the most common enteroviruses and parechoviruses were coxsackievirus A6 and human parechovirus 3, followed in frequency by echoviruses 11 coxsackieviruses A9 and B4, and echoviruses.

Human enteroviruses are a genus in the family Picornaviridae (small positive-sense single-stranded RNA viruses) that were originally classified or named as polioviruses, Coxsackie A viruses, Coxsackie B viruses, echoviruses, and enteroviruses. Rhinoviruses are included as enteroviruses by many researchers but not all.

There are well over types of known enteroviruses (genus Enterovirus). The Enterovirus genus includes the species poliovirus, coxsackievirus, rhinovirus, and enterovirus.

These viruses can cause severe diseases in certain individuals, including poliomyelitis, myocarditis, and meningitis. Rhinovirus is responsible for one of the most prevalent human diseases in the world, the common cold.

Although diseases caused by these infections Author: William T. Jackson. Book Description. Using a multidisciplinary approach, Human Respiratory Viral Infections is set at the level between the definitive reference work and an essential clinical ing recent advances in human respiratory viral research, the text builds on the basic sciences of epidemiology, virology, molecular biology, and immunology to cover clinical diagnosis.

Enterovirus Infections: Definition Enteroviruses are so named because they reproduce initially in the gastrointestinal tract after infection occurs. Despite, this, they usually do not lead to intestinal symptoms; rather it is their spread to organs, such as the nervous system, heart, skin, and others that causes disease.

Enteroviruses are part. By68% of the 81 children had serological evidence of enterovirus 71 infection. 12 A seroepidemiological study in Singapore also demonstrated that the enterovirus 71 seroprevalence rate in the general population was as high as 60% to 70%. 13 It is evident that enterovirus 71 infection is not uncommon and that documented cases do not Cited by: Diagnosis of enterovirus infections A doctor may suspect enterovirus infection based on the symptoms and the risk factors (age, exposure, geographic locations).

When there are signs of encephalitis, a magnetic resonance imaging scan (MRI) may be used as part of the diagnostic process to rule out other diagnosis (e.g.

tumour) and to help in. Enterovirus 71 transmission by exosomes establishes a productive infection in human neuroblastoma cells. Virus Ge –, doi: Cited by: 8. The enteroviruses include nearly 70 serotypes of closely related pathogens that cause a wide spectrum of human illness, from mild nonspecific fever to common upper-respiratory infections, aseptic meningitis, severe myocarditis, encephalitis, and paralytic poliomyelitis [].Subgroups of enteroviruses include the polioviruses, Coxsackieviruses A and Cited by: Enterovirus infections affect many parts of the body and may be caused by any of several different strains of enterovirus.

Enterovirus infections are caused by many different viruses. Symptoms of enterovirus infections include fever, headache, respiratory illness, and sore throat and sometimes mouth sores or a rash.

To the Editor: Human enteroviruses (HEVs) are small, nonenveloped viruses with a positive-stranded RNA genome that includes regions P1, P2, and P3 ().Most experts believe that HEV strains with >75% nt and >85% aa identity in complete or partial viral protein 1 (VP1) sequences should be considered the same type ().However, more stringent criteria of 75% nt and 88% aa.

Human enterovirus A71 (HEVA71) is a major cause of hand, foot, and mouth disease, which can lead to severe neurological complications including fatality; currently, however, HEVA71 lacks effective treatment options. Gunaseelan et al. screened for compounds that targeted the HEVA71 internal ribosome entry site and thereby impeded viral, but not human, Cited by: 1.Backgrounds The Enterovirus genus of the family of Picornaviridae consists of 9 species of Enteroviruses and 3 species of Rhinoviruses based on the latest virus taxonomy.

Those viruses contribute significantly to respiratory and digestive disorders in human and animals. Out of 9 Enterovirus species, Enterovirus E-G are closely related to diseases affecting on livestock Cited by: 7.